History Of New Year
Brief History of the Calendar
while today we celebrate New Year’s Eve on December 31st, traditionally, the Roman calendar began the first day of the New Year in March.
The consuls of ancient Rome assumed the government however in January. The calendar was modified several times before finally settling on the calendar we use today. The Julian calendar was created by Julius Caesar, in 47 BC. The Mark Antony consul modified the calendar in 44 BC. Once again the calendar was changed in 8 BC by Emperor Augustus Caesar. In 1582 Pope Gregory XIII made the final modification to the calendar that we observe today.
Importance Of New Year’s Eve/Day
In general, for those who celebration New Year’s Eve on December 31st the celebration marks the end of the year and a look forward to the starting of a new one. Often the end of the year is marked by a reporting of major events that occurred during the 364 preceding days. Noteworthy events include major weather, political, cultural events and the passing on of famous people. Predictions for the coming year are also made.
Making New Year’s resolutions are common on December 31st and include a resolve to stop smoking, drinking, eating poorly, spending excessively etc.
New Year’s Celebrations
New Year’s celebrations include both New Year’s Eve (December 31st) and New Year’s Day (January 1st). Parties typically occur on December 31st counting down the clock to the beginning of January 1st.
Throughout the world the custom of making noise to ring in the New Year started as a way to scare off evil spirits. Today noise makers such as clackers, paper whistles and bells are party favors given to guests to celebrate the beginning of the New Year.
First To Ring In the New Year
The first country to ring in the New Year is New Zealand. The first major celebrations occur in Sydney, Australia. Sydney claims the world’s largest fireworks display and a midnight ball drop attracting up to 1.5 million people.
Celebrations Around The World
As the world becomes more connected thanks to international travel and technological advances and western culture spreads to the rest of the world, the celebrations of January 1 as New Year’s has spread to even countries with their own New Year’s (for example China and India).